Thursday, 16 February 2017

Blockchain - The question is not, why, it is, why not...

Funny enough I was recently engaged in some discussions about where
standardisation is going. As someone claimed, a group of distinguished
people sitting around a u-form shaped table arrangement in a meeting
room discussing a paper document is one way of setting standards - it's
the standard way, if you like. But it is more and more becoming *just*
one way.

There are other ways, more agile ways of driving
technologies and setting standards - and of making interoperability
real. Plug fests and hackathons are prime examples. Get together, do
some coding, learn about how to use and combine technologies - great
ways to promote market adoption and achieve technology innovation on the
basis of commonly agreed methods. Call this standards or not - it's
successful, it's agile, it's innovative.

Worth watching this summary video of the recent Dutch Blockchain Hackathon. Great spirit, you can feel the innovation. Standardisers will have to think about the way technology is brought forward.

Tuesday, 7 February 2017

EU Commission Workshop on Cloud Standards and Open Source

Mid January I had the pleasure to chair a workshop which the Commission had asked OpenForum Europe to co-organise. The topic was Cloud standards and open source. This workshop was part of the action plan following the EC Communication on ICT Standardisation Priorities where a better collaboration between standardisation and open source on Cloud technologies is a key action.

The workshop report as well as all other information on the workshop are now available on the Commission website. It was a great honour to chair this event and thus contribute to a very good and intense exchange on the topic. I believe that the workshop could clarify that there are multiple ways of both co-existence and co-operation between standardisation and open source. There is probably no such thing like a golden path for successful collaboration, yet there are a number of good ways of interaction, of making use of open source in standardisation and of implementing standards in open source. All of this driving innovation, openness and market adoption.

The workshop also identified some concrete proposals for possible next steps in facilitating the interaction of standardisation and open source and in promoting both from a Commission level in general.

All in all I very much enjoyed the event. Thanks again to all participants for their excellent and high quality contributions and their focussed work on that day. Thanks to the colleagues from OFE for their perfect organisation. And thanks to the Commission for hosting this event.

Thursday, 2 February 2017

On Inventors, Implementers, Innovators

So here's medias in res: Both inventors and implementers can be innovators.
I wrote that in several papers, said that in several presentations since I started reflecting about the relation of standardisation and innovation. There is a fundamental confusion when it comes to what innovation means in the context of standardisation. And this confusion has been reinforced in the ongoing debates about patents and standards.
Basically the issue is that invention and innovation are confused and that very often patent holders are presented as “innovators” and put opposite to “implementers”. In reality patent holders are first of all inventors, a patent is granted for an invention – not for innovation. The definition provided by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO) is very clear in this respect: “A patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention ...”
Why does that matter? Because implementers can be gigantic innovators. You might even argue whether innovation today is to large extend in process innovation and technology integration – both matters of implementing technologies and standards. The internet and the world wide web are prime examples for that. Internet of Things (IoT), Digitisation of Industry, etc. are others currently leading the innovation agenda all over the world.
This plea to differentiate better between invention, innovation and implementation does not mean to diminish the value and importance of base technology invention, nor the patent system. By no means. But it intends to value the contribution of implementations to innovation and avoid and correct the impression that implementers would stand opposite to innovators.
A clear differentiation also has the potential to lead to a better and more differentiated discussion on the relations of standardisation and innovation. Basically, there are two aspects when it comes to standardisation and innovation that should always be considered and that are substantial for making business decisions regarding which modes for making patented technologies available suit the market best. In a simplified way the following two cases may be distinguished:
On the one hand, for some standards it may be important to have leading, state-of-the-art base technologies included. These are often (based on) patented inventions. It may, therefore, be important that the inventors (!) get some incentive to contribute their technologies and be able to get some return-on-investment for their R&D work. In other words: to have some patent protection for patents that are essential for a standard, so called SEPs (Standards Essential Patents). The proper mechanism here is a FRAND IPR policy where the patent holder (who ideally is also the inventor and not just “someone” who acquired the patent) gives a promise to license his SEP(s) on a fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory basis to implementers. Actual royalty rates are then agreed on in bilateral negotiations.
On the other hand, in some standardisation cases the prime consideration may be to have a standard available and broadly adopted in the market place. These standards often form the basis for innovation at the level of the implementation of the standards and on top of them. And often such standards address interoperability, APIs, data formats, etc. In order to promote the broad adoption of such standards, usually referred to as Open Standards, industry agreed to have these standards available on a Royalty-free basis and leading global IT standards setting organisations implemented respective IPR policies, e.g. OASIS and W3C. If patent holders (inventors) would bring in patented technologies into such a standard they need to be ready to grant a license on a Royalty-free basis – or even “restriction-free”.
The latter case also has a lot of relevance in the context of Open Source. Open Standards that are available Royalty-free are implementable in Open Source – at least with least issues and restrictions.
So bottom line: please be precise (and fair) when talking about inventors, implementers, innovators. Both inventors and implementers can be innovators. An SEP is the result of an invention, not of innovation, yet it may be – and probably should be – innovative. In the debate about patents and standards it is inventors (patent holders) versus implementers. And very often an organisation is both, sometimes inventor, sometimes implementer, and hopefully an innovator throughout. 
Clarity matters for an informed discussion and for taking informed decisions.

Monday, 30 January 2017

European Parliament - Hearing on Standardisation

Last Thursday I had the pleasure of being invited as speaker to a public hearing of the IMCO committee (Internal Market and Consumer Protection) of the European Parliament. Under the leadership of rapporteur MEP Marlene Mizzi the Parliament is working on a report on "European Standards for the 21st Century".
 We were 9 speakers contributing our perspectives on standardisation. It was a good event - you can watch it at the IMCO media archive.

Thursday, 13 October 2016

Reinventing Standardisation - Highly interesting IEC Plenary in Frankfurt this week

I had the pleasure to attend the opening day of the IEC Plenary in Frankfurt this week. This plenary, organised by the German national committee DKE, runs under the motto of "Reinventing Standardisation".

In short: This has been a remarkable event - forward looking, disruptive presentations and thinking, innovative, challenging ... I am full of praise for the organisers.

Standardisation is certainly not the most thrilling of all topics. However, it is high on the political and business agenda, and it is an essential element for successful transformation to the digital age and for digitisation of industry. That's why it is so important to think about what is needed in standardisation to be future-ready, to cope with an agile and fast-moving business environment on a global scale.

IEC - and DKE as organisers - recognise that challenge and address it going beyond usual borders and limits. The reinvention lab at the IEC Plenary is a great arena - also laid out like one - for new, disruptive thinking.

About a decade ago I was closely connected to DIGISTAN whose objective has been to revolutionise standardisation, its processes and how openness is created. Much of the thinking from DIGISTAN has meanwhile found its ways into standards bodies - and IEC has put itself on the forefront now for driving innovative thinking for standardisation.

Worth taking a look at the recordings and outcome of the Plenary. Again, thanks for such a great event and congratulations to the organisers for their work and their courage to go that way.

Great News: Nobel Prize for Literature goes to Bob Dylan

This is fantastic news in my mind. Bob Dylan deserves it so much - and he is the first rock/pop singer-song-writer who is honoured that way.

This is some sort of breakthrough for the Nobel Prize on literature as well, given the fact that rock poets are the poets of our time. I would even dare to claim that probably never before did so many people and so many young people know so many lyrical text as nowadays thanks to rock and pop, to the grammophone, the disk, the radio, MP3, and nowadays streaming and the web. For sure there are good and less good lyrics, but that is just the same as with poetry in general.

Bob Dylan has certainly spear headed this for half a century. He is a great poet and it makes me happy that the Nobel Prize committee had the courage to take this decision. Simply fantastic.

Monday, 1 August 2016

Interesting news about the Rhine-Neckar region

Today I received the latest newsletter from the metropolitan region Rhine-Neckar, i.e. the area of and around Heidelberg-Mannheim-Ludwigshafen. What is very interesting is the introduction giving some facts about the region:
"Rhein-Neckar ist ein Innovationsmotor in Deutschland: 15,5 Prozent der Beschäftigten sind in Hightech-Branchen tätig. Im Vergleich der elf deutschen Metropolregionen bedeutet dies Rang zwei hinter Stuttgart. 3,9 Prozent aller Beschäftigten arbeiten in der Kultur- und Kreativwirtschaft – Rang vier hinter München, Berlin und Hamburg. Mit 16,1 Promotionen je 1.000 Studierenden führt Rhein-Neckar das Feld der elf Metropolregionen an."
 The main facts in English:
  • 15.5% of all employees are working in high-tech which makes the region second in Germany after Stuttgart;
  • 3.9% are working in cultural and creative business - place four after Munich, Berlin, Hamburg;
  • 16.1 PhDs per 1000 students - place number 1 in Germany
The full newsletter (in German) is available on the metropolitan region's website.